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Agronomy, to take care of ourselves by passing through the environment that hosts us, the products that nourish us, the air that fills our lungs. This too is a way to ensure a better future, or to guarantee a different one for those who will come. It is not a naive discipline, indeed, it is very concrete, just look at its etymology and origins. It has ancient origins, in pragmatic and inspired civilizations such as the Roman and Greek ones. The term Agronomy, it derives in fact from the two Greek words αγρός and νόµος which mean field and norm.
Agronomy: what it is
By definition theagronomy it is that applied science that studies, adopts and applies knowledge, methods and technologies to optimize crop yields ". As? It does this by acting on “different production factors” but above all “using appropriate technologies that are compatible with the environment, economically viable and which do not harm the health of end consumers ". L'agronomy it is certainly green, it is a prerequisite.
We immediately notice that it is a science with a very broad field of action, it is multidisciplinary and embraces many disciplines including biology, chemistry, physics, geology, pedology, ecology, economics, sociology, ethics, engineering, landscaping, design.
L'agronomy it is not a simple sum of all this, but an intelligent synthesis of all the notions that, fished in various fields, contribute to the very ground-to-shore goal of making the results of the activities concerning all the aforementioned topics more efficient and effective. It is also included in'agronomy also the study of the consequences deriving from the abuse of certain cultivation techniques: a bit of environmental activism.
L'General agronomy it includes an environmental or territorial part and a business part. The first studies and analyzes how agricultural plant production and the environment interact and influence each other, then on the basis of what has been observed it defines the methodologies of analysis and agronomic planning of agricultural land use.
L'corporate agronomy, on the other hand, it "enters" agricultural companies and deals with the choices and technical interventions carried out on plant production. in this area, up to the effects they have on the planet and its inhabitants.
There is also a branch ofagronomy called "special": it is the one that deals with the cultivation of individual agricultural species and is divided into various sub-disciplines such as tree or herbaceous crops, horticulture, floriculture, viticulture and many others even less known.
Among the branches of'agronomy general, for example, we also find that which studies the influence of the climate (Agrometeorology) or another that does not look up from the ground and studies the ground: the Pedology. You can also focus on fertilization by studying agronomy, modifying all the physical, chemical and biological characteristics of a land to optimize production in terms of quantity and quality. It is possible to act by providing hydraulic-agricultural arrangements, irrigation, crop rotation: it is not just spreading fertilizer.
Agronomist: a required profession
Alone theagronomist does not have decision-making powers, alone, but it is an increasingly requested profession that provides essential information and "tips" for those who then make operational choices in agriculture and often tend to listen to reasoning of an economic, political, social, environmental or other.
Together with the agricultural expert and toagrotechnician, the agronomist is one of the professions related to agronomy and is increasingly in demand. To exercise it, it is now necessary to pass a state qualifying exam and be registered with one of the local orders.
A agronomist deals with environmental problems, the environment understood both as a source from which man draws resources and as a place to be protected from waste and pollution and, indeed, to be enhanced also in landscape and historical-monumental terms. There are several industries to choose from to focus from agronomist, the agricultural one, the environmental one, the building one, then there is the economic one or the urban planning one.
The first, agriculture, is linked to agricultural and livestock or forestry enterprises, to the processes of transformation and marketing of agroforestry products but also to activities such as agritourism and fish farming. The environmental sector ofagronomy it is as intuitive, concentrated on the defense of the landscape and nature, of the soil, water and atmosphere. In any case, both by analyzing and planning and carrying out interventions always with the same green purpose.
In the building branch, a agronomist deals with rural constructions, agricultural and forestry industries but also, for example, hydraulic and road works in rural areas, cadastral, topographical and cartographic works. both in rural and urban areas.
Economic-estimative side, in agronomy there is talk of appraisal in general and the marketing of agricultural, livestock and forestry products while in the urban and territorial sector there is a range of public and private green areas, territorial planning, zonal, urban and landscape plans. Difficult terrain, that of reclamation, hydraulic and forestry works and aimed at the conservation of agricultural soil. Even the ski slopes concern the agronomist.
History of agronomy
I left it for last, so those who do not like to look over their shoulders can greet the page, even if I would reserve a little respect for the past. To civilizations that have given us so much, including agronomy, like those of Babylon and Egypt, or India and China. I'm not starting from that far away, however, it was just a tribute.
The turning point ofagronomy that interests us comes in the 19th century when it is linked to disciplines such as chemistry, plant physiology, biology. In recent years there is a political and economic hegemony of the West that imposes its own Western agronomic model influencing agricultural production around the world and, I dare to say, obscuring the contribution of other cultures. For example those from which people like Amartya Sen is Vandana Shiva.
L'agronomy of the West originates in Greece and Rome, we also see it in texts dedicated to botany (History of plants by Theophrastus), and in the first agronomy treaty written by the Hispanic Lucio Giunio Columella, the West's first great agronomist. From the 1500s onwards, books and studies by agronomy, also in Italy where in 1700 the l'Georgofili Academy.
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